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Unregulated food intake can affect Body Mass Index (BMI), which may lead to obesity and overweight even among Filipino teenagers.

This is according to a policy statement on “FAT (Fad and Trending)!: Adolescent Obesity”, which is based on the 2021 Expanded National Nutrition Survey (ENNS) of the Department of Science and Technology – Food and Nutrition Research Institute (DOST-FNRI).

Further studies reported that obese teens are at risk of developing metabolic syndrome.


According to Cua in 2012, metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions occurring together, increasing the risk of having non-communicable diseases or NCDs.

Moreover, the study of Cua in 2012 showed that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in overweight and obese Filipino teens was 19% or 67 out of 350 study participants.

On the other hand, the study led by Lusica in 2022 revealed that 52% of older Filipinos have metabolic syndrome and have a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors.

According to the WHO, obese teens are more likely to develop NCDs, which account for more than half of all deaths in the Philippines yearly.

Hence, NCDs are now the leading killers in the country.


The Department of Health’s National Nutrition Council (DOH-NNC) continues to strengthen campaigns to increase awareness on the importance of a healthy diet as the foundation of good health and making it a habit.

The DOST-FNRI recommends maintaining good health and preventing obesity through proper diet and regular moderate physical activity to achieve normal body weight.

Moreover, to help prevent lifestyle-related NCDs, the DOST-FNRI also recommends being physically active, eating healthy foods, managing stress, avoiding both alcoholic beverages, and smoking.

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